Lithium-ion batteries are becoming more and more widespread. The extremely powerful accumulators are no longer only used in small and narrow mobile devices or in bicycles (e-bikes), but also in corresponding sizes in industrial devices, vehicles and machines. However, in addition to their high performance, lithium-ion batteries are also not without danger and must be treated as hazardous materials.
Why a storage facility for lithium batteries?
Damage or improper handling of these batteries can quickly have dramatic consequences. Our F90 hazardous material containers with fire protection are suitable for the storage of lithium-ion batteries. On the one hand, the fire is contained in the event of damage, and on the other, sensitive batteries are protected against impact, damage and unauthorised access.
Are lithium-ion batteries a hazardous material?
The typical case of damage is an ignition of the battery after a technical defect or a mechanical impact (impact, fall). Furthermore, damage and subsequent ignition can also occur during an improper charging process. Since the batteries are not under constant observation, a fire can spread quickly and unnoticed. If such a battery is damaged, the spreading gases and an explosive flash fire are a real danger. There is no suitable extinguishing agent, water can be used for cooling. For this reason, the highest level of safety should also be ensured when storing batteries. LI batteries are to be treated as hazardous materials.
Storage for lithium-ion batteries - what regulations?
Up to now there are no public legal regulations for the storage and provision of LI batteries. Nevertheless, due to insurance reasons and legal requirements for the storage of hazardous materials, including the storage of LI batteries, there are a number of things to consider. An important factor in storage is the temperature of the batteries. Although this does not play a decisive role in terms of safety, it does influence the state of charge of the batteries. According to official recommendations, a lithium-ion battery should also be stored with a charge rate of 40% to avoid complete discharge and thus damage to the battery. In addition, proper room temperature is an important factor during storage.
▪ F90 fire protection container / F90 room
▪ collecting tray according to WHG
▪ technical ventilation in explosion-proof design / ATEX
▪ equipotential bonding
▪ pressure relief area
▪ fire detector
▪ gas warning system
▪ air conditioning system